Prenatal development stage

Prenatal development stage

The cell by cell development of a baby in the mother’s womb is what is known as prenatal development. From just a single cell all the way to a fetus before birth. It takes an average of 38 weeks for the fetus to develop from the very date of conception. To become a baby the zygote will go through several stages. There are mainly three stages that facilitate this development.

Germinal stage

Conception is the major process where the female egg meets the male sperm and is fertilized. Biology has it such that female only releases one egg each month although the male can release countless of sperms in one shot. The egg release process is known as ovulation. However, sometimes several eggs can be released at once from both ovaries. In other situations the woman may have several ovaries and they may all release an egg each. The fertilization of the egg can happen by the traditional method of sexual intercourse or by artificial insemination. After the release of the egg, the sperm must meet the egg in 12 hours because the egg will be destroyed after this time and ejected out of the body in the monthly process of menstruation. The outer membrane material of the egg is destroyed by fluids on the sperm, and the genetic material of the sperm and those of the egg combine to form and single cell that is known as the zygote. This single cell begins the first stage of pre-natal development known as the germinal stage.

Once the cell is formed, it quickly begins to divide to several parts. It will first divide into 2 identical cells. Those will divide to 4 cells then to 8 and so on. Thereafter, the zygote therefore begins to grow rapidly. Sixteen cells are already formed 60 hours after fertilization. When these cells attach to the walls of the uterus, another stage begins.

Embryonic stage

Even after implantation, the baby cells continue to divide and cluster rapidly. This stage lasts until 8 weeks after conception. The cells differentiate themselves depending upon the functions they perform. This differentiation will go one for weeks with more and more cells dividing and taking on different roles to help the baby develop nails, hair, blood cells, a heart and brain. By week four, the baby already has some facial structures formed and the limbs can be distinguished. Towards the end of this stage, all the major internal and external structures of the body have already been formed.

Fetus stage

When the embryo develops to a fetus after 8 weeks, it is only 1.2 inches in length and only weighs about three grams. At this point most women do not even look pregnant. The fetus stage will last until the last day of gestation when the baby is born. At this time it will be approximately 3.3 kilograms and 20 inches in length. At this stage all the details begin to fill out. The fetus will develop a breathing system, sweat glands, skin and hair, eyelashes and eyebrows. They will also begin learning how to breath, sucking their finger and opening their eyes. Body fat will also begin filling under the skin which was mostly translucent.

Cat wagging tail meaning

There are many way to tell in the way your cat communicates. Cats are different in the way they operate and tolerate or respond to issues. However there are several things that cut down to every cat and it’s easy to know and tell what they signify. Unlike the dogs, when a cat wag its tails does not necessarily mean they are happy to see you or are in a play mode. There is so much communication in the different wagging traits. We can split the wagging in to six different modes and communication skills that your cat may be trying to communicate with you and its important to take a note.

The fluffy, arched tail

Whenever a cat feels that there is danger or when it’s confronted by another animal that to it, it seems dangerous, you will commonly witness a fluffed up tail. This happens mostly in defense. Your cats want to feel dangerous as well and scare off the enemy. The fluffed tail is a way to respond to threat and it’s therefore accompanied with an arched tail. By doing this your cat feels bigger and ready to face the challenge.

The swish

This is when you cat is in a more playful mode. It’s an indication that it wants to pounce on you to get you involved in the game. If your cat is the ambushing type then it tells you it’s time to throw down a toy and get in the game mode as well. Other cats when they swish their tails will start knocking on your ankles to drag your attention to their system.

The Wrapped tail

Whenever you see your cat wrap its tail around your arm, neck, or leg it’s basically to show love. The cats feel affection to it’s owner by doing this. However the most commonly used is the head butting. Your cat feels love and it gets the need to show it out to you and the best way they know how to do this is by getting closer to where you are and get their tail wrapped around you and feel the warmth of your love as well. You are the owner.

The vertical tail and tail Quiver

This is another indication that your cat knows you. Whenever you cat sees you and it wags its tail vertically or you see a tail quiver, it’s a sign of happiness. Your cat feels happy to see you and its proud that you are around. The cat feels contented in your company.

The twitch

Start making observations at your cat whenever its out gazing. Most likely you will notice the slight twitching of the tail at the end. This is an indication that your cat is concentrating or interested in whatever its doing.

The tail flick

This is the straight out and back tail. It’s easy to confuse this wag with a quiver or a swish. However if you are a good observer of your pet you will realize that the feline holds it tail low flicking it back and forth. This is an indication of unhappiness or displeasure.

What is Seborrheic Dermatitis Hair Loss?

What is Seborrheic Dermatitis Hair Loss?

Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin condition and a severe form of dandruff. It causes temporary hair loss on skin it has infected; be it on the scalp or any other hairy region of the skin. It is known to mainly affect the scalp. It is not an infectious disease, you cannot catch it, but it involves infection to the area it manifests itself. Yeast is involved during the infectious stage of Seborrheic dermatitis, but it yeast from an individual’s own skin, and we all have yeast of different types on our skin.

Dermatitis, which is sometimes referred to as eczema, forms a group of diseases which cause skin inflammation in which Seborrheic belongs to. It is triggered when sebaceous glands begin to produce a very rich form of sebum which is not normal. This sebum contains increased amounts of cholesterol and triglycerides and fewer squalence and free fatty acids.

This rich form of sebum leading to Seborrheic dermatitis hair loss may be triggered by androgen steroids. It may come during puberty stage when there is hormone fluctuation in the body. It is also observed in some newborn babies as the maternal androgens are being passed from the mother to the baby through the placenta.


The causative agents of Seborrheic dermatitis hair loss are not well understood, but it known to affect mostly the Caucasians of Celtic descent. Research has shown that it has a genetic component hence it may be passed down a lineage.

There are other conditions like Parkinson’s disease, stroke or a serious injury to the head which are associated with Seborrheic dermatitis. Individuals already infected with Seborrheic dermatitis hair loss can make it worse when they are heavily stressed and also suffer from chronic fatigue periods.


Seborrheic dermatitis comes off as a patch of white/yellowish scales and oily skin that is usually itchy, and also painful when touched. There may also be heavier flaking on the skin and redness on the affected patch. Extreme symptoms are hair loss and damage to the scalp.

The production of rich sebum in excess causes the increase in amounts of yeast Pityrosporon ovale due to Seborrheic dermatitis infection. The area affected also becomes inflamed and irritation increases on the affected skin patch. Irritation leads to scratching that aids in hair loss.

If there are hair follicles in the inflamed skin area, they will start falling out, even though Seborrheic dermatitis does not affect hair follicles directly. This is because hair follicles find inflamed skin an unhealthy environment to grow, and one may refer to this loss as collateral damage, and when the Seborrheic dermatitis is said to cause hair loss.


Seborrheic dermatitis hair loss is treated through the use of medicated anti-dandruff shampoos to control scaling and skin proliferation.

You can also be prescribed antibiotics to control the skin environment and flora, reducing inflammation indirectly.

Inflammation may be treated using lotion or corticosteroid to control your immune response.


Seborrheic dermatitis hair loss may recur in an individual who has been infected previously hence one should be persistent with treatment.

Use of kertolytics and immunosuppressant can help prevent Seborrheic dermatitis hair loss.

5 Foods You Did Not Know Could Kill Your Dog

5 Foods You Did Not Know Could Kill Your Dog

Everyone knows how chocolate is bad for our canine friends although some of us still insist on feeding it to them every once in a while. Most of us even sneak them a few spoonfuls of guacamole occasionally despite knowing that avocado contains toxins that could cause fatal results when ingested by dogs. However, the list of foods that could be potentially lethal to your canine best friend is a lot bigger than you thought.

That said, here is a list of five foods you did not know could cause serious problems for your canine best friend.

1. Macadamia Nuts

The fact that science cannot exactly pinpoint the reason why these nuts are toxic to a dog makes them all the more dangerous to your dog since there is no way to treat the negative effects. What is known is that when ingested by dogs, macadamia nuts cause weakness and affect their ability to walk.

The inherent toxins specifically target the hind legs of the animals and cause weakness for an unpredictable amount of time. To stay on the safe side, avoid feeding your dog anything with nuts unless you are completely certain the type of nuts they are.

2. Candy

We are all guilty of tossing a piece of gum or candy our dog’s way once in a while, not knowing the potential risk we were putting them in. Candy, especially of the sugarless variety, contains an artificial sweetener called Xylitol.

Candy is one of the foods harmful to dogs that no one really pays attention to. In addition to drastically lowering the blood sugar levels in dogs, Xylitol can cause permanent liver damage to your pets.

3. Alcohol

In case you were curious to see what would happen if you gave your dog a bit of “happy juice”, don’t—the results could be devastating. Any form of alcohol will immediately cause seizures to your dog and could result in death. There really are no ifs, ands or maybes in this scenario so keep alcoholic drinks and foods (especially the doubly lethal rum chocolate bars) away from your beloved pets.

4. Apple Cores

Cleaning up your trash might save you a lot of unwanted grief and bills from the vet. Never leave your eaten apple or apple core where your dog can find it. Apple seeds contain amounts of cyanide that, although too small to have any impact on humans when ingested, can be lethal to dogs. The toxic substance can throw your dog into a fit of seizures and cause bouts of hyperventilation and ultimately may lead to comas and death.

5. Grapes and Raisins

Similar to macadamia nuts, these are another example of foods harmful to dogs for no apparent reason. All that is known is that when your dog ingests either of these, he/she may experience symptoms such as vomiting and dehydration. What makes grapes and raisins lethal, however, is that they are known to cause kidney failure in dogs and could even result in death less than a week after consumption.

There are a lot of healthy and tasty options when it comes to food and treats for your dog. Foods harmful to dogs are often the ones us humans find delicious. Just because dog food and treats don’t look or taste good enough for humans doesn’t make them any less mouthwatering to dogs. Get a personalized list of foods you shouldn’t feed your dog from your vet in order to avoid accidentally harming your pet.

Hypnosis for Weight Loss: Does it Work?

Hypnosis for Weight Loss

The weight loss journey can be a particularly frustrating one especially if you are not seeing enough positive results. Things get especially hard when it comes to making huge dietary changes which often involve sacrificing the things you love most. Relapsing and backsliding is common when it comes to dieting because as much as you want to shed a few pounds, giving up your guilty pleasures is quite an uphill task.

Mind over Matter

The art of hypnosis for weight loss predates all the modern weight loss techniques for the simple reason that it is the most effective. This is because much of the process of losing weight requires powerful mental focus and dedication. This is easier said than done because sometimes it is impossible to deny the body what it wants.

Skepticism has always surrounded this topic as people found it hard that your physical weight is somehow linked to your psychology. To some extent, that is true. However, what many do not put into consideration is the fact that the main reason people find it difficult to shed weight is simply because of their mental dispositions towards eating healthy.

Some of the reasons why it can be impossible to shed weight include the following:

· Comfort Eating

Some people use food as a coping mechanism to help them handle strong emotions. Most of us either are or have been comfort eaters at one point in our lives. Stress from work or family, loneliness, sadness and even nervousness can trigger bad eating habits. If you find yourself seeking solace in something sweet or tasty to cover up another feeling, chances are you are a comfort eater.

· Mindless Eating

Be honest with yourself, how many times have you ever questioned your eating habits? For most of us, the answer is almost never. Mindless eating entails an uncontrollable (almost sub-conscious) knack for eating something all the time. Your body registers the action—perhaps even enjoys the treat—but your mind has developed a mental block that prevents you from objectively seeing what you are doing. This kind of behavior makes dieting pointless because you rarely take into account the food you consume between meals.

· Denying yourself some foods

There is a lot of truth in the old adage that says “you never miss the water till the well runs dry”. The reason why dieting is so hard is because once you tell your body that some foods are banned for consumption, the more it craves those particular foods. If you are literally fighting with your body to stay off those extra carbs and eat healthy, chances are you will explode into a binge eating frenzy before the first week is done. Hypnosis does not teach self-control—it instills it into your mind. As much as you will be able to avoid those prohibited foods from the confines of your house, once you step outside into a world of curbside food trucks and hot dog stands, your resolve might just crumble.

· Exercising is easier said than done

If a wave of lethargy washes over you every time the thought of exercise crosses your mind, what you are experiencing is one of the effects of a mental block. Procrastinating exercises, feeling too shy to exercise in public and being afraid to break out a little sweat are all indications that your weight loss problems are more mental than physical. Breaking these mental blocks is extremely hard because at some point, they become an inherent character trait that you learn to live with. Hypnotherapy, if nothing else, is exactly what you need to give yourself the right mindset to begin exercising.

How hypnosis helps:

Hypnotherapy focuses on tweaking your mental perspectives, thereby effectively altering your disposition towards losing weight. You might be yearning to lose those pounds but are constantly hindered by inherent factors such as a lack of dedication, procrastination or negative feelings that lead you to deem your efforts futile.

Every single one of those unhealthy eating habits can be overcome by hypnotherapy. Your hypnotherapist can guide you to break those mental blocks and unlock in you the urge to become what you visualize in your mind. Not only will you be more aware of what you eat, your resolve to stay away from the foods you are not supposed to eat will be concrete.

Commonly asked questions about hypnosis for weight loss

Q: Will I be hypnotized into a trance?

A: Everything the movies tell you about hypnosis is slightly exaggerated or just plain inaccurate. During hypnosis, you will not be subjected to a trance of any sort, commanded to do anything, forced to speak without your knowledge or have memories implanted or erased. However, your hypnotherapist will help you relax and clear your mind in order for them to access the unconscious mind without losing your conscious side.

Q: What actually goes on in a session?

A: Once your hypnotherapist successfully manages to guide you to relax deeply, they will then be able to probe into your subconscious mind in order to get rid of any inherent mental blocks. Using the power of gentle suggestion and visualizations, the hypnotherapist will then try to instill positive thoughts and a sense of control to allow you to be in charge of your dieting regimes.

Q: I don’t want to have suggestions forcibly implanted in my subconscious; can I resist them?

A: As mentioned, being in a relaxed state of mind does not automatically translate to being in a trance whereby you have no control over yourself. If an idea or suggestion does not sit right with you, you have all the power to reject it. Your hypnotherapist offers guidance—they do not force impressions.

Q: Does hypnosis for weight loss really work?

A: By changing your perspectives, removing the mental blocks that impede progress and generally altering how you feel about losing weight, hypnotherapy can be 100% effective in spurring a significant amount of weight loss when combined with proper dieting and exercise. Results may vary from person to person but in general, one may experience a greater drive to lose weight which makes things a lot easier.

While there isn’t a specific list of guidelines to adhere to when it comes to hypnosis for weight loss, visualizing where you want to be can empower you and be the constant source of motivation you need to achieve your weight loss goals. Hypnosis for weight loss is therefore not just hype or a way for uncouth therapists to make that extra coin. It just as well might be the tipping point you need to start seeing some serious progress.

How to Make Eyes Bigger Using Makeup

Not everyone is blessed with the kind of big bright attention-grabbing eyes. Thanks to makeup however, you can easily create the impression that your eyes are bigger than they actually are. How do you go about this? Just follow the simple steps below to learn how to make eyes bigger.


Step 1: Shape your Eyebrows

The first thing you will need to do is to frame your eyes as perfectly as possible. Giving your eyebrows a more defined yet natural appearance creates the impression that your eyes are larger than they actually are. Keep it simple but keep those lines crisp

Step 2: Give it some dimension

Use only matte makeup to give your crease a bit of dimension. Depending on your natural complexion, you can use color that is a tone darker than your skin color or even go for a softer rosy shade to create shadows which will make your eyes appear bigger.

Step 3: Throw in a bit of shimmer

When learning how to make eyes bigger, you should understand that the first impression they make is what matters. Throw some shine into the look by adding shimmer at the corner of your eyes. This directs more light to the eyes, making them more noticeable.

Step 4: Use neutral colors

Using dark colors on the lid will make your eye sockets look deeper while using bright colors make your eyes appear to be popping out. As much as you should keep the colors neutral, giving the lid a slightly lighter shade embellishes the size of the eye.

Step 5: The inner rim of the lower eyelid should be lined using a flesh-toned eye pencil

In doing so, you will be creating the impression that the whites of your eyes are wider than they actually are. White eye liners can also be used to pull off the illusion although flesh-toned colors will ultimately look more natural.

Step 6: Ditch the liner and put some mascara on the lower eyelashes

Eyeliner makes the eyes smaller so you might want to avoid using it when learning how to make your eyes look bigger. Instead, use some mascara to make the lower eye pop without being too embellished.

Step 7: Curl your eyelashes

Giving an upward curl to your lashes is the best way to embellish your eyes and give them a more girly frame. If you are aiming for bigger, Disney-princess eyes, this is a very necessary step.

Step 8: Now add Mascara

Thicken the curled lashes with some mascara to give the top lashes a more defined appearance. Again, this is a step you cannot afford to miss.

Step 9: Opt for false lashes

If your eyelashes are not big enough, you can always use fake eyelashes to bring out your eyes. Whether you have a naturally hooded eyes or a large brow, fake eyelashes can easily create the illusion of larger eyes. Keep things relatively subtle as going overboard with the eyelashes can result in a fake look.

Keep the shadows light in order to attract more light to the eyes. Darker colors make the eyes look smaller especially when you also use heavy eyeliner to create your outlines. Use eye drops to get rid of redness from allergies and make the eyes look whiter.

Breast Milk vs. Formula – All you Need to Know

Breast Milk vs. Formula

For the first 6 months of a newborn’s life, it is crucial that they get the best nutrition as it heavily impacts on their growth and development. That said, there is an ongoing debate on the perks of breastfeeding against using formula during the first crucial months of a baby’s life. While the general consensus is that breast milk is significantly more beneficial to the baby, formula is still being widely used albeit in highly unavoidable scenarios.

Breastfeeding not only allows you to save more money, but it also offers a long list of health benefits that formula feeding couldn't.

The decision to resort to formula is often a result of lifestyle choices and medical reasons that impede the production of breast milk by the mother. While infant formula is sometimes considered just as healthy as breast milk, most health organizations emphasize on the importance of breast milk during the first six months after birth. There are quite a few reasons for this, with the most outstanding being the fact that anti-bodies in breast milk are essential for the development of the baby’s immune system.

Babies who are nursed by their mothers after birth always develop a stronger immune system which makes them less prone to infections and chronic conditions such as asthma and diabetes. This is mainly attributed to the presence of antibodies in breast milk, which act as a temporary immunity for the baby as their immune system strengthens.

Common infections suffered by formula-fed babies include:

· Bouts of diarrhea.

· Ear infections.

· Respiratory problems, and

· Meningitis.

In addition to constant hospitalization, formula-fed babies are also highly prone to allergies, obesity, diabetes and SIDS. The antibodies in breast milk are therefore very important during these early developmental stages after birth and could literally mean the difference between life and death.

Health reasons aside, nursing is a great way to enhance the mother and child bond. Skin-to-skin contact between the mother and child builds a strong emotional foundation between the mother and the infant. Nursing also instills a sense of confidence in the mother as it allows them to reaffirm their mothering skills. Other benefits of breastfeeding to the mother include lower chances of getting breast cancer, diabetes and heart diseases. It is also a great way for mothers to burn calories.

Studies suggest that babies who are breastfed tend to have a higher IQ compared to formula-fed infants. Backing this up is the discovery that most of the geniuses of our era were breastfed a significantly longer time than most of us, leading to an enhanced aptitude for learning and grasping concepts.

Breastfeeding is also highly convenient for the mother of the child. No preparation is required, no utensils are needed and best of all, you have all the baby needs wherever you are. The convenience factor is usually overlooked although parents who have no option but to formula-feed their baby understand how hectic it can be.

The only notable downside to breastfeeding is that some mothers are self-conscious doing it in public. Even in the comfort of their own homes, it can get pretty uncomfortable, especially when the baby begins teething.

All in all, formula feeding might be the next best alternative to breastfeeding although it lacks the immunity boost offered by the antibodies in breast milk. Formula feeding also gives the mother freedom to eat whatever she likes unlike breast milk which is usually affected by diet changes. It is important to weigh the pros and cons of both methods and seek advice from your doctor before settling on one.

Top 10 Brain Foods for babies

Top 10 Brain Foods for babies

The initial three years of a babe’s life are fundamental for his mental health. The mind nourishment for babies helps in supporting the improvement of the child’s brain.He makes sense of how to think, respond and tackle issues. Exercises like playing diversions, listening to music and giving him a chance to investigate his environment empower the working of his dark cells. With regards to supporting your youngster’s mind, nourishment assumes an essential part. Perused on to think about the sustenances that can support your infant’s mental health.

When to start Solid foods for baby and Baby Feeding Schedule

The Best Brain Food For Babies 

Yogurt: This demonstration like a super child mental health food.Greek yogurt keeps the mind cell layers adaptable, assist the cerebrum in send and get information. The B complex vitamins in Greek yogurt are vital for the development of brain tissues and neurotransmitters.

Vegetables: Vegetables that have rich, dark hues are great wellsprings of cancer prevention agents. Cancer prevention agencies keep the cerebrum cells sound. A portion of the best vegetables for the cerebrum are sweet potato, pumpkins, and carrots. Green vegetables like kale, chard, spinach and collard greens are rich in folate, which keeps dementia under control. Kale contains Sulforaphane and Diindolylmethane, which help the development of mind cells.

Broccoli: Broccoli is another superfood for your child’s cerebrum. It contains DHA, which helps the neurons associate. It additionally has growth battling properties.This makes it a brilliant infant mind sustenance.

Avocados: Avocado is helpful for cerebrum well being. It is a rich wellspring of unsaturated fats, which elevate blood stream to the mind. It likewise contains oleic corrosive, which ensures myelin. Myelin helps the information go at a rate of 200 miles 60 minutes. The unusual amounts of B-complex vitamins in avocados lessen the danger of hypertension in babies.

Angles: Greasy fishes like salmon, fish, and mackerel contain omega 3 unsaturated fats, which give the building squares of the mind tissue. Omega 3 unsaturated fats help the development and capacity of the cerebrum in babies. A consistent utilization of fishes will enhance your kid’s mental abilities.

Eggs: The egg is a storage facility of nourishment. It contains supplements like omega 3 unsaturated fats, zinc, lutein and choline, which improve focus. Choline produces acetylcholine or the memory immature microorganisms. It enhances memory in babies.

Entire grains: Whole grains improve focus in babies by giving their cerebrum a steady supply of vitality. It has a low glycemic list and gradually discharges glucose into the circulation system, keeping your kid alarm for the duration of the day. It additionally contains folate, which is key for the best possible working of the mind.

Oats: Entire grains enhance focus in babies by giving their cerebrum a steady supply of vitality. It has a low glycemic list and gradually discharges glucose into the circulation system, keeping your kid alarm for the duration of the day. It additionally contains folate, which is key for the best possible working of the mind.

Berries: As indicated by exploration, berries support the individual working of rats. The high vitamin C content in berries enhances memory in children. It additionally anticipates oxidative anxiety in the cerebrum.

Nuts: Nuts like walnuts, almonds, and peanuts are agreeable cerebrum sustenances. The unusual amounts of vitamin E in these nourishments anticipate subjective degeneration. Nuts likewise contain zinc, which improves memory and mental health.

These super nourishments are packed with organic supplements useful for the advancement of the mind, so ensure you stock them in your kitchen.

5 Easy Ways to Boost Serotonin Levels


You may know serotonin as the “feel good” hormone responsible for bubbly moods,happiness and relaxed feelings, only that it is actually a neurotransmittersecreted by the brain in certain instances. It is secreted by neurons whenthere is a significant amount of tryptophan in the blood.

Most of us are aware of how important serotonin is when it comes to feeling jovialand relaxed. However, very few know how to purposely induce the production of
the neurotransmitter.

Several factors, including food, different activities and supplements, contribute to the production of serotonin in the brain. For example, have you ever felt suddenly jovial after enjoying your favorite pastry or any other sugary snack? That is because carbohydrates trigger the production of the neurotransmitter when consumed. This explains why comfort foods are predominantly starchy, sugary or full of carbohydrates.

With all the mood-lifting hype surrounding serotonin, one may wonder why then euro transmitter is not all the rave seeing that people go to great extents to replicate the relaxing feeling brought about by it. Well to put it blankly, serotonin comes with some pretty undesirable effects which we will look at later.

Serotonin is used in the treatment of depression among other mood-related conditions.
Other than its mood lifting properties, it is also vital in regulating our
bowel movements and blood clotting. Here are 5 ways you can benefit from
increased serotonin levels:

Better Sleep
– The more relaxed your body is during bedtime, the better the quality of sleep you will have. Serotonin induces feelings of sleepiness which can be very helpful at the right time of the day (you would not like it if it happened during the day). This explains why some of us get sleepy in the afternoon after a hearty meal full of carbohydrates or even the infamous Thanksgiving Day Coma, where serotonin is released due to the high levels of tryptophan present in the turkey meat you eat. A sugary snack right before bedtime might therefore
guarantee you a good night’s sleep, although this is not exactly recommended.

Reduced Stress
– As mentioned earlier, the reason why we find some foods so comforting is because they trigger the production of serotonin in the body. After a stressful ordeal such as emotional (and sometimes physical) trauma, we find ourselves seeking solace in sugary pastries and candy bars. This is actually a very good way to battle stress as serotonin helps to put your mind at ease and prevent stress-related ailments.

Improved Moods – Unless 
induced by drugs (even so, actually) relaxation goes hand in hand with jovial
moods. When the neurotransmitter is at optimal concentrations, you will
experience unexplainable jovialness or bubbly moods, and will find yourself
humming happily as you go about your duties. Keep in mind however that if
inducing serotonin in excess in order to become happier will only result in

Best Cure for Headaches and Migraines – If you suffer from the latter, inducing the
production of the neurotransmitter is actually the best way to relieve the
pain. Migraines are not really treatable—only manageable. Learning how to
purposely induce the serotonin levels in your body can save you a lot of pain.

On the downside, serotonin reduces sex drive and libido significantly. The
neurotransmitter is also responsible for the feelings of nausea we get during
allergic reactions or when we consume substances that irritate our bowels.

Ways to Boost Serotonin Levels

What can you do to get more of this wonderful substance in your body?
There are a number of tried and tested ways you can use to boost serotonin in the
body. Depending on your preferences, you can use the all-natural methods or go
for supplements, both of which we will touch on. Here are 5 of the best ways.

Get Vitamin B6 
-Vitamin B6 is present in fish, chicken and lean beef. You can also get it from
vegetables such as cauliflower, celery, and spinach. Garlic, turnip greens and
mustard greens are also great sources of the vital vitamin. As opposed to
eating more, eat one or two of these foods regularly and in the recommended
portions. You could also go for supplements if need be.

Eat foods rich in tryptophan
– One of the greatest sources of the serotonin-inducing amino acid is turkey
meat. Aside from that, pumpkin seeds and sunflower seeds are also rich in
tryptophan. In this scenario, there is a catch. Eating carbohydrates with proteins somehow impedes the production of serotonin. Also, gorging yourself with more proteins in order to get more
serotonin works inversely as the tryptophan is subdued by the presence of
numerous amino acids in your body.

Try something fermented – 
Good news for yogurt lovers: fermented foods and drinks can actually put you in
a jovial mood. Fermented foods and dishes enhance the assimilation of nutrients
from other foods and as such, are vital in helping the body manufacture the
all-important vitamin B6. You will also enjoy a much smoother bowel movement
thanks to the enhanced digestion.

Massages and Exercise
– Some people feel good after taking a walk, others prefer a quick jog to lift
their moods. Whichever your preference, getting in a bit of physical exercise
can induce the production of serotonin. Similarly, massage therapy also causes
the production of the feel-good neurotransmitter while simultaneously getting
rid of the stress-inducing hormone, cortisol.

Get some sun 
– The early morning sun (before it gets uncomfortably hot) has been linked to
an increased production of serotonin, which lasts throughout the day and
converts to melatonin in the evening. Melatonin is responsible for a good
night’s sleep. Taking a 5 minute break to bask in the morning sun can do
wonders for your mood for the rest of the day.

Some of the best natural supplements you can opt for to improve the production of
serotonin include L-tryptophan, SAMe and 5-HTP. Consult your doctor before
taking any of these supplements.

Serotonin directly impacts how we feel, specifically by inducing feelings of happiness
and/or relaxation. In addition to this, the neurotransmitter is also known to
bring feelings of contentment and a general sense of well-being. As such, the
acute lack of the neurotransmitter is directly associated with conditions such
as depression, social anxiety and other mental and psychological problems.

10 Tips to Get Long Hair

beauty hair


we can’t all be Rapunzel look-alikes, everyone should at least get the chance
to boast of hair that goes slightly below the shoulders. However, hair has a
knack of growing at its own pace or worse, falling out when least expected.
These 10 tips will walk you through the golden secrets of hair care and how to
ensure that your hair is getting the right treatment in order to speed up hair

this braided updo is messy, but also elegant. artfully messy maybe? boho chic? what do you think?

Tip #1 – Trimming
your hair more frequently has a counter intuitive effect on its growth. Split
ends are basically the enemy of hair growth and so the more often you get rid
of them, the more constantly your hair grows. Besides, your hair will always be
looking glossy, neat and gain a superb volume.


Tip #2 – Skip
the shampoo every once in a while. The recommended number of times you should
shampoo your hair is three to four times a week. Shampoo is essential for
keeping dandruff at bay, no doubt, but sometimes your hair requires its natural
oils to heal any breakage and also to retain moisture.


Tip #3 – Don’t
skimp on the vitamins. Your diet plays a big role in the rate of growth of your
hair. If you find that your vitamin intake is a bit on the low side,
supplements are not a bad idea if you are really serious about growing your
hair fast. Biotin and vitamins B and C are all vital for healthy hair.


Tip #4 – Run
some cool water through your hair after a hot shower. It is widely known that
cold water is important as it helps to seal your hair cuticles to prevent
damage when combing or styling.


Tip #5 – Wrap
up your hair in something silky when you go to bed. Alternatively, you can
switch out your pillow cases with something silky as the smooth material does
not easily induce friction, which leads to breakage and annoying tangling of
the locks.


Tip #6 – Go
easy on the styling tools, especially those that involve heat. Strong heat is
probably the number one cause for damaged hair so you might want to take the
necessary precautions (such as using heat protectants) when using your tools.


Tip #7 – Regular
cleansing of the scalp makes your hair grow healthier and faster. Once in a
while, you should treat your scalp by massaging essential oils into it and
cleaning it with healthy, natural substances. Think of it as giving your hair a
good basis to grow better.


Tip #8
– Sleep more and avoid stress. Growth hormones are usually released when
one is at rest. In addition to this, ensure that you employ good stress
managing skills because stress directly affects the growth and general health
of your hair.


Tip #9 – Some
natural ingredients that can help you optimize the growth of your hair includes
fenugreek, bananas, Aloe Vera, eggs, flax seed and goose berry. These homemade
solutions are crushed or mashed into a paste which is then applied directly
onto the scalp.


Tip #10 – Last
but not least, eat well and make use of your hair’s natural oils. Maintain a
regular balanced diet and squeeze in the occasional scalp massage to spread
your hair’s natural oils, which help to lock in moisture.